Sandmücken und Leishmaniose

Die Sandmücken in England


Kurioserweise gibt es wohl tatsächlich auch Sandmücken in England, und zwar


Phlebotomus perniciosus


auf der Kanalinsel Jersey.


 1923 veröffentlichte Marrett in der Zeitschrift 'Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene' folgendes:

 A note on the capture of a Phlebotomus perniciosusmale in Jersey, C.I.

 On September 1st, 1923, a specimen of the above-named fly was captured in the house at night. The night in question was calm, moist and warm - nights which are ideal for the fly in its usual fly-belt. That there might be no mistake about it, the specimen was forwarded to Dr. Wenyon, who kindly had the diagnosis confirmed by Professor Newstead, both of whom I wish to thank. As the northern limit of the Phlebotomus fly-belt, according to references available, is the valley of the Po, and thinking that the fly in question might have a 'tame' fly, a letter was written in the local papers, with no response. I have also caught, in Jersey, a centipede and a 'silverfish', both of which are common in the Mediterranean. During the course of this summer, at least six patients have had blood smears sent in for examination (? malaria) with negative results. Since finding the fly, I have made enquiries in the case of children, as to whether they have been in the tropics and whether there was evidence of their having bitter. The answer to the former question was in the negative and to the latter in the affirmative. All the cases had a short fever of less than seven days, and all were negative to the typhoid group infections. In future, the differential blood count will be made, and it is hoped that, next season, further work will be able to settle whether Phlebotomus fever is to be added to the list of non-tropical diseases.


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